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Internal Medicine

By : on : September 19, 2018 comments : (Comments Off on Internal Medicine)

According to medical science General Medicine covers a wide spectrum of internal organs of the body – the heart, the lungs, the liver and gastro-intestinal tract, the kidneys and urinary tract, the brain, spinal column, nerves, muscles and joints. A General Medicine specialist must then be trained specifically to recognise and manage a wider range of diseases. The specialty of general medicine is one of the specialties recognised by the permanent committee of medicine of the Delhi in India. It is an all-embracing discipline, concerning itself with all aspects of pathology and all the organ-based specialties. The specialist in general medicine practices in hospitals where the doctor may care for the patients during an acute illness or supervise their care in out patient clinics. In some India a significant proportion of internists have an office-based practice with links to local hospitals.

An General Medicine physician is a general doctor for adults. They are also called Generalist, or Primary Care Physician. They are specifically not surgeons.  Neithger are they do not perform operations. They listen have to patient histories and have to perform physical exams. Experts at general medicine make diagnosis and have main job to prescribe medications to treat a condition or disease. Their job is often treat aches and pains, sore throats, colds and allergies, high blood pressure, diabetes, indigestion and perform annual physical exams and coordinate preventive screenings.

The sub-specialties of Internal Medicine are as follows:

  1. Pulmonology—Specialists at pulmonogy are lung doctors. They focus on conditions like asthma and emphysema/chronic bronchitis which are also called COPD. These specialists are also experts in sleeping problems. A lot of sleeping problems are related to breathing with one of their major focuses being a condition called sleep apnea.

 

  1. Endocrinology—Endocrinologists are hormone and gland doctors. These doctors focus on diseases of the thyroid gland (either over or under-active thyroid), diabetes and other hormone conditions. Diabetes can be confusing because most people with diabetes see their PCP, but there are instances where it may be preferable to see an endocrinologist for diabetes.

 

  1. Cardiology—Cardiologists are heart and blood vessel doctors. These doctors focus on preventing heart attacks and treating patients who have had heart attacks. They also see patients that have a condition called Congestive Heart Failure (or CHF), where the heart does not pump as strong as it should and as a result patients with CHF tend to retain fluid in their legs and lungs.

 

  1. Gastroenterology—Gastroenterologists are doctors of the digestive system (esophagus, stomach, small intestine, large intestine, pancreas and liver). Gastroenterologist is a rather long word, so it is often just abbreviated as GI doctor (for ‘Gastro-Intestinal’ doctor). They see patients who have problems with severe or chronic heartburn, indigestion, stomach pain, chronic diarrhea or constipation and a condition called irritable bowel syndrome.

 

  1. Nephrology—Nephrologists are kidney doctors. They treat patients that have partial kidney damage and kidney failure. When a person has kidney failure they may require dialysis to control the electrolytes, water and waste products in their bodies. Nephrologists are the doctors that manage the dialysis. Another type of kidney doctor is a Urologist, but this specialty is not part of Internal Medicine and they treat different types of kidney problems—such as kidney stones.

 

  1. Allergy/Immunology—Allergist perform allergy testing to see what substances or foods a person may be allergic to (e.g. pollen, mold, nuts) and administer allergy shots to desensitize a person to those substances, making their allergies less severe.

 

Rheumatology- It is the subspecialty of internal medicine that focuses on the diag treatment of medical diseases of the joints, muscles, and connective tissues.

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